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History of the Township

For a number of years, Kodaikanal was merely part of the village of Vilpatti, which was the headquarters of the Deputy Tahsildar. In 1883, however the Taluk office was shifted to Kodaikanal.

The growth of this ‘Summer Colony’ for the plains people brought merchants and traders to Kodaikanal. A market sprang up on the last part of Coolie Ghat Road, to supply groceries, meat, bred, vegetables, etc., to the visitors. Problems of sanitation arise as the number of shops increased in the market. In sanitary conditions lead to contagious diseases. Naturally the residents and he visitors complained about such unhygienic conditions and finally, the authorities in Madras decided to constitute Kodaikanal as a Municipality. The Municipality was constituted on 16-08-1899 and came into existence on October 1st, 1899, and was the smallest Municipality in the then Madras Presidency, with the population around 1912 members.

At that time, the Municipal Council consisted of 12 members, all nominated by the Government. In this number was increased to 16, whom 4 were nominated and the remaining 12 elected. In 1950, though the strength remained 16, all the members were elected. The responsibility of the Municipality included looking after the roads, sanitation, public health, water supply, electricity, primary and secondary education, etc.

In 1960, the Municipality was once again reorganized and constituted as a Township Committee with 11 nominated members, 8 of whom were officials and 3 non – officials. The Collector Madurai was made the ex- officio Chairman.

In 1961, the Taluk organization became the “Kodaikanal Panchayat Union”, with a number of village panchayats and Kodaikanal panchayat. The work of the Panchayat Union is to look after the implementation of the development program of the Government. The present Kodaikanal Township Committee has 19 members, all nominated. Eleven members are chosen from among the officials and 8 from non-officials.



ELECTRICITY BOARD

Electricity came to the town in the year 1937 and later the energy supply was made from the Pykara station in Nilgiris and the supply was gradually increased from 1940 due to the growing demands for power.

MEDICAL FACILITIES

The Municipal Hospital was first located in a small building above the Bryant Park during the early 1900's. On 3rdApril 1928, a new Hospital was opened in the heart of the town. It was later taken up by the government under the legacy of the then Municipality. Today it is functioning and serving Kodaikanal People in a good manner.

R.D.O Taluk Office Municipality Office Panchayat Union
Commercial Tax Office Forest Office Tamil nadu Electricity Board Police Station
Telephone Office Municipal Court Govt. Hospital Govt. Vetnary Hospital
T. V. Relay Station Solar Observatory F. M Radio Station

Important Telephone Numbers

Commissioner - Municipality 241885 Manager - Municipality 241253
Engineer- Municipality 245643 Town Planning Section 245623
RDO 240296 Thasildar 240243
Police Station 240262, 100 Fire Station 240785
Forest Office 240287 Highways 241818
Telephone Exchange 241080 TNEB 240300, 240700
Government Hospital 241292 Venalen Hospital 241254, 241154
  
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